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14 December 2018

Government Employment Policies do not affect sufficiently the creation of new jobs, and much less the sustainable employment

Politikat e punesimit

Although the main purpose of government employment policies is employment promotion and creation of new jobs, due to many deficiencies in planning, implementation and monitoring of these policies was not achieved promotion and growth of employment at the appropriate level, and was not addressed the issue of sustainability of jobs created.  

The performance audit report “Efficiency and Effectiveness of Government Employment Policies” highlights that employment policies at government and sectorial levels are not efficient and effective.

Delays in adoption of strategic documents, lack of clear definition of responsibilities of institutions as well as lack of sufficient financial resources for implementation of employment related activities indicate that employment policies at the level of the Office of the Prime Minister, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development, that are part of this audit have not been subject to proper planning. These shortcomings threaten successful implementation of employment-related objectives and activities.

Implementation of active labour market measures was hampered by significant delays in functionalization of the Employment Agency, lack of profiling of a number of unemployed, lists with a limited number of unemployed and lack of prioritisation of long-term unemployed during the selection process. Meanwhile, at the Agriculture Development Agency for deficiencies that have hampered the effective assessment of the implementation of measures that have employment as one of their criteria, are the delays in data integration as well as the lack of complete data on job creation.

The report emphasizes that the deficiencies identified in the two Agencies for monitoring the implementation of measures, have hampered the recognition of work experience of beneficiaries, limited their employment opportunities for the future, and have also contributed to the non-legitimization of employment, and resulted in the demonstration of unrealistic unemployment statistics in the country.

Monitoring of the effectiveness of employment policy has not been efficient and successful at all audited levels. Shortcomings in the current monitoring conducted by the Office of the Prime Minister and the audited Ministries make it impossible for these institutions or citizens to have a clear picture of the impact of employment policy. Meanwhile, the fact that both audited agencies have not yet carried out monitoring of the effectiveness of measures does not allow a realistic assessment of the extent to which the measures are implemented and the impact they have on generating and sustaining employment.

Besnik Osmani, Auditor General, regarding this report, stated that: “The unemployment rate in the country is alarming, therefore policies at government and sectorial level should serve as a response to the created unemployment condition in the country. This can be achieved through adequate planning of necessary human and financial capacities for implementation of policy and through establishment of sustainable monitoring mechanisms.

The National Audit Office has provided its recommendations which aim at ensuring that responsible authorities, respectively the Office of the Prime Minister, the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development, the Employment Agency and the Agency for Agricultural Development, intensify their efforts to improve planning, implementation and monitoring of employment policy.